Al-Hikaayah الحكاية

When we reference a surah in the Quran why do we NOT apply idaafa إضافة?

For example, we say:

Surah al-Mu’minoon
سورة المؤمنون

And not Surah al-Mu’mineen
سورة المؤمنين

Grammatically, it would make sense to say Surah al-Mu’mineen.

But the reason we do not apply the rule of إضافة is because of the grammar rule of حكاية. This is when you relay a statement or speech exactly how it was said without any addition or subtraction.

So when you perform the ‘iraab for al-Mu’minoon you will say,

المؤمنون : مضاف إليه مجرور بياء مقدّرَة منع من ظهورها الحِكايَةُ

Written by:

Abu Awzaa’ee Abdus-Salaam
Makkah Al-Mukarramah
12th of Jumaada Awwal, 1438
February 9, 2017

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