Types of Ism al-Jins اسْمُ الجِنْس

*Ismul Jins اسم الجنس*

Is broken into 3 categories:

*1. Ismul Jins Jam’ee اسم جنس جَمْعِي*

• Indicates 3 or more of a particular category (jins)

• Its singular form has either a yaa ي or closed taa ة (known as تاء الوحدة) attached to the end of the word.

Meaning:

▪If it *does not have* a ي or ة at the end, then it is considered to be *plural*.

▪If it *does have* a ي or ة at the end, then it is considered to be *singular*.

For example:

عرب: عربي

روم: رومي

تمر: تمرة

بقر: بقرة

*2. Ism Jins Ifraadee اسم جنس إفرادي*

•Can indicate a few or many of a particular category (jins), and it is not differentiated by a ي or ة.

Meaning:

▪The singular and plural share the same form.

For example:

تراب

عسل

ذهب

All refer to both singular and plural, depending on the context it is being used it.

*3. Ismu Jins Ahaadee اسم جنس أحادي*

•When one from a category (jins) is intended, but it is not specified which oneFor example:

أسد

A lion, but it is not specified which lion.

ذئب

A wolf, but it is not specified which wolf. Etc.

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