Preparing for the Grave: Arabic Analysis and Memorization of Surah Mulk | Verse 5
By Khadija R.
وَلَقَد زَيَّنَّا السَّماءَ الدُّنيا بِمَصابيحَ وَجَعَلناها رُجومًا لِلشَّياطينِ ۖ وَأَعتَدنا لَهُم عَذابَ السَّعيرِ
“And We have certainly beautified the nearest heaven with stars and have made [from] them what is thrown at the devils and have prepared for them the punishment of the Blaze.”
This word الدُّنيا can mean worldly life, or, in this case, something close, and is referring to the nearest sky/heaven. Allah describes the stars as lamps in the sky. Stars are compared to lamps because they burn to illuminate the sky, just as a lamp burns to illuminate a dark space. The perfection of the Qur’an is evident in this parable given by Allah; how can people who didn’t have telescopes or extensive knowledge about the existence of stars make this parable up?
The word زَيَّنَّا means to perfect and beautify.
Stars were created for three reasons:
1. Guidance/navigation for the traveler at night
2. Adornment for the sky. “Verily! We have adorned the near heaven with the stars (for beauty).” (37:6)
3. Protection: when the jinns try to ascend and listen to the angels, Allah sends those missiles (shooting stars) to hit the shayateen who are trying to get information and relay to magicians. “And to guard against every rebellious devil. [So] they may not listen to the exalted assembly [of angels] and are pelted from every side.” (37:7-8)
The format in this word سَّعيرِ , blaze, is that the first letter has a fatha, second has kasra, the third letter has a sukoon is a صيغة المبالغة, an intense form – an ignited, blazing, intensified fire. The fire of Jahannam becomes more powerful and stronger as time goes on, unlike any other fire. “On the Day when We will say to Hell: “Are you filled?” It will say: “Are there any-more (to come)?” (Surah Qaf: 30) because Jahannam is ignited by people and stones.